donderdag 21 april 2011

Easter eggs with lines

You need:
  1. cardboard egg shape 10 cm high
  2. pencil
  3. white drawing sheet
  4. several colour materials, like markers, colour pencils, crayons, chalk pastel 
  5. coloured paper 20 by 14 cm
  6. gekleurd papier 14 cm hoog, 20 cm breed
  7. glue
  8. scissors
  9. fine black marker 
What kind of lines do we know? Let students draw them on the blackboard: straight - horizontal, vertical, diagonal; angular, like zig-zag and curved lines.
Students have to make four Easter eggs. Ouline the template with a pencil. Draw straight lines in the first egg, curved lines in the second one and zig-zag lines in the third one. The fourth egg may is made with lines of their own choice. Trace the lines with a fine black marker. Colour them with four different materials: colour pencils, markers, chalk pastel and crayons. Cut the eggs and paste them on a coloured sheet.

Made by students of grade 3

woensdag 20 april 2011

Origami tulips

You need:
  1. origami sheets 10 by 10 cm
  2. strip of green cardboard
  3. scraps of green paper
  4. scissors
  5. glue
Fold the sheet twice, open and turn around.

Fold two diagonal lines and open it.
Fold the sheet double at a straight fold,
push the ends inward and push it flat.

It is a double square now.

Fold one point down.

Fold two points to the side.

Fold four tulips in different colours. Paste them on a piece of cardboard. Cut stems and leaves and paste them.

zondag 17 april 2011

Charming chicken

Made by a student of grade 5

You need:
  1. blue and yellow construction paper A4 size
  2. oil pastels
  3. glue
Draw a chicken on blue construction paper, using the tutorial on How to draw a chicken. Make it a charming chicken by colouring it in bright colours. Mix colours to create smooth transitions. Draw a horizon line and colour the ground. Draw somethin on the horizon line, Teken een horizonlijn en kleur de grond. Teken iets op de horizonlijn, for example a fence or a farm. 
Tear the edges of the blue sheet away and paste the chicken on a yellow undersheet. Draw eggs around it.

Made by students of grade 6

dinsdag 12 april 2011

Printed tulips

You need:
  1. cardboard of a box
  2. scissors
  3. block printing ink
  4. flat piece of glass
  5. linoleum roller
  6. white or coloured sheets A4 size
Draw two or three tulips in different sizes on a cardboard box. Cut them. Shake the bottle of blockprint carefully to be sure oil will mix with the rest. Drip some paint on the glass and roll it out with the lino roller. Roll the paint on the tulips and press them on a white or coloured sheet, using a book. Remove the tulips of the sheet and roll them again. Add white to the colour on the glass for a lighter colour. Place the tulips tulips partly overlapping the first, and press again with a book.

zondag 10 april 2011

In the style of Jean Dubuffet

You need:
  1. drawing sheet A4 size
  2. pencil
  3. thick markers in red, blue and black
  4. fine markers in red, blue and black
Jean Dubuffet (France, 1901-1985) was a French painter and sculptor. He was very interested in drawings of children and mentally disabled. He called those drawings Art Brut (raw art):art produced by non-professionals working outside aesthetic norms, such as art by psychiatric patients, prisoners, and children. Dubuffet sought to create an art as free from intellectual concerns as Art Brut, and his work often appears primitive and child-like.
Many of Dubuffet's works are painted in oil paint, thickened by materials such as sand and straw, giving the work an unusually textured surface. During the early 1960s, Dubuffet produced a series of paintings in which he limited himself to the colours red, white, black, and blue. Those works resemble jigsaw puzzles, such as Nunc Stans (Guggenheim Museum, New York), in which tiny, obscure, closely spaced figures and faces dominate.
Towards the end of the 1960s he turned increasingly to sculpture, producing works in polystyrene which he then painted with vinyl colour paint.

Look at artwork of Dubuffet, especially Allées et venues. Discuss the salient features: colours (mostly red, blue, white, black), recognizable and unrecognizable shapes, curved lines, hatched areas and the whole sheet is full.
Doodling wavy lines
Students fill their sheet with wavy crossing lines, using a pencil. Then they search human or animal figures in those lines. Trace these figures with a black marker. Colour the patches of these figures in red, blue, hatched red and hatched blue. Leave some patches white. Outline the figures with a wide black marker. Trace de remaining lines between the figures with a fine black marker.
Made by a student of grade 6

vrijdag 8 april 2011

Scenes from a fairy tale

Hansel and Gretel, made by students of grade 6
You need:
  1. piece of linoleum of 15 by 15 cm
  2. drawing sheets A4 size
  3. lino knives
  4. block printing ink
  5. flat piece of glass
  6. linoleum roller
  7. lino press
  8. white paper A2 size
  9. scissors
  10. glue
I got the idea for this lesson from Artlessons from Belgium. This is a group assignment for four students.
Every group of students chooses a fairytale that has to be represented in images. They discuss the most important parts and each students cuts one scene out of linoleum. After printing the scenes, they paste them in the right order to create a fairytale cartoon. Use letter stamps to print the name of the story above.

I chose to let all students print their part of the fairytale four times. The best print is for yourself. Each student gets one print of the other three group members, so every student has his own cartoon.

The princess on the pea

woensdag 6 april 2011

The emperor's new clothes

The Emperor's underwear, by students of grade 3

You need:
  1. drawing sheet A4 size
  2. colour pencils
The Emperor's New Clothes is a fairytale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1837 in Andersen's Fairy Tales Told for Children.

The story is about an emperor, who cares for nothing but his appearance and attire, hires two tailors who promise him the finest suit of clothes from a fabric invisible to anyone who is unfit for his position or 'just hopelessly stupid'. The emperor cannot see the cloth himself, but pretends that he can for fear of appearing unfit for his position. When the swindlers report that the suit is finished, they mime dressing him. Then the emperor marches in procession before his people. A child in the crowd calls out that the emperor is wearing nothing at all and the cry is taken up by others. The emperor cringes, suspecting the assertion is true, but holds himself up proudly and continues the procession.

Read the fairytale. Tell students they have to draw the emperor. The emporor , who is recognizable by his crown, is almost nude. The only cloth he wears is beautiful underwear. Colour the drawing with colour pencils.  

maandag 4 april 2011

Chicken on a stick

You need:
  1. cardboard box
  2. tempera paint
  3. brush
  4. coloured paper
  5. wooden skewer
  6. scissors
  7. glue
Draw a chicken on cardboard. Cut it. Paint the chicken and colour the beak. Cut two wings out of cardboard and cover them with coloured paper. Paste the wings with double sided tape on the chicken to make them look 3D. Cut a comb and wattle out of coloured paper and paste them on the chicken. Use a marker to draw an eye.
Cut three pieces cardboard of 8 by 5 cm and stick them together. Paste coloured paper around it. Insert a skewer into the stand and plug the other end in the chicken.

zaterdag 2 april 2011

Fairy tale comic

Hansel and Gretel

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A5 size
  2. pencil
  3. markers or colour pencils
  4. fine black marker
The goal for this lesson is to convert a famous fairy tale into a comic. Students may draw only four pictures, so they should think very carefully about the most important scenes in the story. The story should be obvious from just those four pictures!

Divide the sheet into four sections. Draw four scenes and use speech bubbles if you want to. Colour the drawings with markers or colour pencils. Outline them with a fine black marker. You can choose to colour the drawings completely, but also a black and white strip with a single accent colour is nice.

All artworks are made by students of grade 6

woensdag 30 maart 2011

Puss in boots?

You need:
  1. drawing sheet A4 size
  2. pencil
  3. ruler
  4. indian ink
  5. brush
  6. saucer
  7. dip pen
Master Cat or The Booted Cat commonly known as Puss in Boots, is a French literary fairy tale about a cat who uses trickery and deceit to gain power, wealth, and the hand of a princess in marriage for his penniless and low-born master. The tale was published in 1697 by Charles Perrault as part of his collection Mother Goose's Tales.

How would it be if the animal you like most, wears boots? What kind of boots would he wear - rain boots, cowboy boots, thigh boots, high-heeled boots?

Draw a frame at 1 cm from the edges with a pencil. Sketch the contours of an animal in boots with pencil. Make sure the boots stand out well. Trace the pencil lines with a dip pen and indian ink. Draw details and a simple background.
The colouring has to be done with indian ink too. Put a few drops of ink on a plate and dilute it with water. More water will give a ligth grey, a little water will give dark grey. Finally, fill the page edge with a pattern or a shade of gray.
Both artworks are made by students of grade 6

dinsdag 29 maart 2011

Mirror mirror on the wall...

Mirror mirror on the wall ... made by a student of grade 4
You need:
  1. piece of wood
  2. mirror
  3. bathroom tiles (ask a DIY market)
  4. hammer
  5. newspapers
  6. silicone glue
  7. painters tape
  8. grout
  9. plastic bags
  10. cotton cloth
  11. sponge
  12. security glasses of old sunglasses
The fairy tale Snow White by the Brothers Grimm is the basis for this lesson mosaics.

Snow White tells the story about a wicked stepmother who is jealous of the beauty of the daughter of her husband. The stepmother tells a hunter to kill Snow White, but he feels sorry for her and let her escape. Snow White ends up with the seven dwarfs in the forest.
The stepmother finds out through her magical mirror that Snow White is still alive, and poisons her with an apple. The sad dwarfs  put her in a glass coffin assuming she's dead.
Time passes and a prince traveling through the land sees Snow White. He is enchanted by her beauty and falls in love with her. He begs the dwarfs to let him have the coffin. The prince's servants carry the coffin away. While doing so, they stumble on some bushes and the movement causes the piece of poisoned apple to dislodge from Snow White's throat, awakening her. The prince then declares his love and a wedding is planned.

In this lesson students are going to make the magic mirror of the fairy tale of Snow White. They learn the several steps to create their own mosaic.

Step 1
Determine the place for the mirror and paste it on the piece of wood. Draw a design on the shelf of leave it empty to create a free design later on.

Step 2

Breaking the tiles
Go outside. Choose the tiles you like and put them on a newspaper. Put on glasses to protect your eyes. Hit the tiles with a hammer gently into pieces. Choose the pieces you like and put them in a plastic bag. Put pieces you don't need in a container (they can still be used by other children).
Clear the table for the following student. 

Step 3
Go back in the classroom with your plastic bag. Paste the pieces of the tiles on the shelf, using silicon glue.  Plak de stukjes tegel met siliconenlijm op de plank. Leave 3 to 5 mm space between the different pieces. If the pieces have different heights, then use more or less glue. Remove excess glue and leave the work to dry for 48 hours.

Pasting the pieces
Step 4
Go outside if this is possible. Make grout according to the instructions on the package; it should be as thick as yogurt. Use a disposable container. Put newspapers on the table. Mask the mirror with painters tape. Apply grout with a sponge. Rinse the sponge regularly in a bucket of water and then wring out well. When ready, leave the work to dry for half an hour and remove excess grout away.
Sponging the grout
Step 5
Polish the stones and the mirror the next day with a cotton cloth.

zondag 27 maart 2011


Made by a student of grade 1
You need:
  1. drawing sheet A4 size
  2. fine black marker, waterproof
  3. watercolour paint
  4. brushes
  5. jar with water
  6. wool
  7. cutter
  8. cutting mat
  9. scissors
  10. magazine
  11. glue
Rapunzel is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm, and first published in 1812. The Grimm Brothers' story is an adaptation of the fairy tale Persinette by Charlotte-Rose de Caumont, originally published in 1698.
In the tale, an enchantress separates Rapunzel from her parents and puts her away in a room at the top of a tower in a remote part of a forest. The tower has no door or stairs and only a window. The enchantress would climb Rapunzel's long braid of golden hair to visit her. The enchatress would call out to Rapunzel saying: "Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair, so that I may climb the golden stair". One day a prince hears Rapunzel's beautiful singing voice and wants to meet her. He secretly observes how the enchantress is able to visit Rapunzel in the tower. The prince climbs in the tower, meets Rapunzel and they fall in love. The wicked enchantress attempts to separate them, but eventually they reunite, and live happily ever after.
After telling the fairy tale, students start to make Rapunzel's braid of wool threads. Then they draw a tower with a top hatch, using a waterproof fine black marker. Colour it with waterpaint colour. Cut the sides of the hatch (teacher has to do this!!) and fold them. Cut a picture of a woman of girl out of a magazine and paste it on a piece of paper. Paste the braid on the head. Paste the piece of paper behind the hatch, looking carefully to get the woman's head in the middle of it and hanging the braid through the hatch.
Made by students of grade 1

zaterdag 26 maart 2011

The princess and the pea

You need:
  1. coloured construction paper
  2. fabrics
  3. a pea
  4. glue
  5. scissors
  6. scraps of construction paper, including gold and silver
  7. markers and/or colour pencils
Read the fairy tale 'The princess and the pea' of Hans Christian Andersen. Discuus after this what a princess bed would look like. The students make the bed of the princess in this story. The bed has to be made of stripes of paper. At the bottom of the bed is a real pea, of course. Cut strips of fabrics for the matrasses (use special scissors for fabrics) and make a princess on top of this whole pile. Maybe the bed has even curtains or a little golden crown?

Made by students of grade 1

dinsdag 22 maart 2011

Greek pottery

You need:
  1. brown paper bag or wrapping paper
  2. black markers (different sizes)
  3. coloured paper for background
  4. glue
  5. scissors
In ancient Greece pottery in daily life was very important. It was used to store and preserve all kinds of food, like wine, olive oil and water. The pottery was often decorated. There is red-figure pottery with red figures and the background black, and black-figured, with this just the other way. Wikipedia has more information about Greek pottery, especially on the different styles in the decoration of the vases.
View images of Greek pottery. Discuss several forms:

amphora - jug with a handle on both sides so it could be easily lifted. Amphora's were used to store liquids and solids.

crater - mixing vessel for wine and water. The Greeks always mixed their wine with water and sometimes they added spices to change the flavour.

kylix - bowl, flat or on an ornate base with two horizontal handles to pass the scale easily.
Discuss the different designs on the vases: animals, plants, people, flowers, triangles, spirals, mythical creatures etc.
The students fold a piece of brown wrapping paper in half and draw one half of a Greek vase of their choice against the fold. Cut the vase and draw figures and patterns on it using black sharpies. Paste the vase on a coloured sheet.

Made by students of grade 5

zaterdag 19 maart 2011

Fairy tale caste

Made by students of grade 4

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. indian ink
  3. dip pen
  4. watercolour paint
  5. brushes
  6. jar with water

See some pictures of castles and talk about the several parts: battlements, high thick walls, drawbridge, towers, schietgaten, portcullis etc. Talk about the location of a castle: often a high point, so oversee the area. Show that many castles were surrounded by a moat and discuss why this was.

Students draw their castle directly with indian ink on ther sheet. Add details like shutters, torches or flags. Draw the background, the surrounding of the castle. Colour the drawing with watercolour paint. The combination of indian ink and watercolour paint will give a perfect aged feeling.

dinsdag 15 maart 2011

Surrealistic collage in the style of Dalí

By Tristan, 10 years old

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A3 size
  2. magazines
  3. scissors
  4. glue
  5. tempera paint
  6. brushes
About Dalí
Salvador Dalí (Figueres, 1904 – 1989) was a Spanish painter and versitile artist. in his younger years he was interested in painters like El Greco, Michelangelo and Diego Velázquez. He focused his attention at that time to Impressionism and Cubism. Dalí studied in Madrid from 1921 to 1924. In 1929 he moved to Paris. He met Pablo Picasso and André Breton and joined with surrealism. In 1940 he moved to the USA and lived there for 15 years. After this he went back to Spain. Dali's work can be divided in four periods.

Early period (1917-1927) - In this period Dalí made paintings of the landscape around Figueres. These works already show his kinship with Impressionism and Cubism.

Transition period (1927-1928) - This period is characterized by experimentation. He uses different textures, made with paint resins, sand, stone, cork and gravel.
Surrealistic period (1929-1940) - The Surrealists were not sufficient to logic alone. They focused on dreams and the subconscious. Dalí explored his own fears and fantasies and painted them on canvas through symbolic images in a very realistic, almost photographic style. He called his paintings 'hand painted dream photographs'.

Classical period (1941-1989) - Dali stopped in 1941 with the surrealist style. He became fascinated by religion and modern science and found his inspiration in the ancient and Renaissance art.

Back to work
Show some surrealistic works of Dali and discuss the salient features: his work looks like a photo, contains 'strange' elements - things things that can not actually. The work will surprise or a shock sometimes. Explain the difference between realism (reality painted on canvas, like a photo) and surrealism - realism with strange elements. Tell students that they have to make a surreal collage today. For this they cut pictures from magazines, arrange them on a sheet and paste them. They may, if no proper background is to be found, paint a part of this background.

When ready
Discuss the artworks: what surrealistic elements do you see? And what are the realistic elements? What do you think of the combination of both?

zondag 13 maart 2011

Baby and blanket, in the style of Gustav Klimt

Made by Debbie, 11 years old

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. pencil
  3. colour markers
  4. chalk pastel

Gustav Klimt (Austria, 1862 – 1918) was born in the neighbourhood of Vienna. In 1876 Klimt was awarded a scholarship to the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts . His work consists of paintings of mostly women, but also wallpaintings, drawings and collages. Klimt is much praised for the use of gold in his paintings.

Show some artwork of Klimt, and especially the painting 'Baby'. Discuss the distinctive features in the work: different patterns in the blanket, many colours, the blanket is more important than the baby, wavy lines verschillende patronen in de deken, veel kleuren, de deken is belangrijker dan de baby, wavy lines to express the folds of the blanket.

Students draw a baby in its bed, covered by a patchwork blanket. The blanket has to be divided into sloping surfaces. All different patterns should be coloured with markers. Drawing little black stripes at the edges of the fabrics, will make the patchwork blanket look more real. Use chalk pastel for the a wallpaper behind the bed.

zaterdag 5 maart 2011

Rainbow fish

Made by students of grade 3

You need:

  1. drawing sheet A5 size
  2. ruler
  3. pencil
  4. colour markers

The students put the sheet in the width and draw from top to bottom pencil lines 1 cm apart. Good to practice measure skills!

Draw a fish and a sea bottom line. Colour the fish with markers keeping the same sequence of colors. We chose the order of the colours as they were in the box. Fins, background and bottom should be coloured in the same order, but of course the colours here are staggered to those of the fish.

dinsdag 1 maart 2011

In the style of Gaston Chaissac

You need:

  1. drawing paper A3 size
  2. tempera paint in primary colours
  3. brushes
  4. jar with water
  5. paper towels
  6. bold black marker
  7. black construction paper
  8. glue or stapler

The French painter and writer Gaston Chaissac was born in 1910. He came from a poor family and was often ill. In 1934 Chaissac moved to Paris and worked as a shoemaker. He lived in the same house as the German artist Otto Freundlich. It was through the friendship with Freundlich that Chaissac developed the desire to become an artist. He trained himself as an autodidact, supported and promoted by Freundlich. Freundlich also introduced him to the Parisian art scene.

Chaissac exhibited his works in 1938. During his stays at a sanatorium because of his tuberculosis in 1938 and 1939, Gaston Chaissac used the time to paint and draw. After his wedding he moved to the Vendée.

The artist bridged this isolation in the countryside through lively correspondence with gallery owners, authors and artists in Paris. Although Chaissac endeavored to establish a connection with the artist community, he was only valued as an artist by a small circle of gallery owners, journalists, and friends.

As a result, he didn't receive the expected recognition during his lifetime. Chaissac worked as a tireless experimenter and used materials that he found for his works of art - newspapers, shells, peels etc. He painted on every substrate available to him, created pen and ink drawings, watercolours, oil paintings, collages and unusual three-dimensional works. The artist was sometimes classified by Jean Dubuffet with the 'Art brut'. Chaissac himself called his work rather rustic modern.

Gaston Chaissac died in 1964.

Without title, © Gaston Chaissac

View photos of the work of Chaissac and especially the work above. Discuss the salient features: bold black lines that separate colour planes, little depth, simply drawn faces, white planes. What would those white planes mean?

I chose this painter also to repeat colour mixing skills. The students draw on their sheet one head and one or more limbs. Put a pencil mark in these planes, because they have to stay white. Then divide the sheet with wavy lines into small areas. Students choose two primary colours and use them to mix several colours. Paint the different planes with these mixed colours. Start with the brightest colour and and add more and more of the darker colour.

When the work is dry, outline every colour with a black marker. Bumps will disappear. Finally draw eyes, nose and mouth in the face. Paste or staple the work on black paper.

In the style of Gaston Chaissac, by students of grade 3