On the Italian art blog Arteascuola from Miriam Paternoster, I came across this terrific art lesson about Paul Klee. Be sure to visit Miriam's blog, it's great!
Paul Klee (1879 – 1940) is a German/Swiss painter. His work belongs to modern art. Klee developed mainly as an autodidact and left more than 9000 artworks. In 1912 he saw the work of Picasso and Malevich and met Robert Delaunay, who believed colour is the most important element in a painting. After a trip to Tunisia in 1914 Klee started to paint more colorful and abstract. He painted landscapes, portraits, animals, mythology, mysterious machines. In his work he combined abstract and figurative shapes. Klee 's work cannot be described in one single word. Surrealism, cubism, abstraction are terms which are applicable to his paintings. He is classified by expressionism. (Source: Wikipedia)
Print any text on drawing sheets or choose an old book page. I had chosen the Wikipedia page about Paul Klee. Show Klee's artwork 'Castle and sun' and discuss the characteristics: Klee used just squares, rectangles and triangles. What colors are used?
The students use a crayon in a color that contrasts with the watercolor paint (sharp point to make thin lines) and draw a frame around the text. Then they draw a building consisting only of rectangles, squares and triangles. Do not use a ruler, because the text provides sufficient support.
Paint with watercolour. Choose cold or warm colors. Do not allow the same colour next to each together.
Show everal stamps on the digital board. How do you know these are stamps? What should be on a postage stamp?
The goal is: design your own stamp. Be sure your stamp contains your name and the value of the stamp. For the rest it should be about yourself, for exampe with a picture of your hobby or favorite food.
Think of the jagged edges! Everything has to be made out of paper, so do not draw on your stamp!
Ton Schulten (1938) is a Dutch painter living in Ootmarsum. After his work as a graphic designer, he decides in 1989 to try to make a living as a painter. His main inspiration is the open landscape of Twente (a part of Holland): an open landscape divided in parts by hedges and hedgerows, looking like a stage with curtains.
Painting like Ton Schulten in lower classes can be done, but you have to keep it simple. Show artworks from Ton Schulten and discuss them.
his use of colours
the 'curtains' on the sides
divided in rectangles
The students divide the sheet of drawing paper in 24 squares (4 by 6). With the primary colours yellow, red and blue and the mixed colours, they paint the squares. Each colour may be used just three times. If the work is dry, paint simple houses across the dividing lines with a small brush and black paint.
Show some cubistic works of Picasso on the digital board. What do you see? What does the face look like? What happened with eyes and noses? From what point of view do you see the facial parts?
Artworks made by students of grade 6
Students draw with white chalk pastel a portrait in cubistic style. This means eyes or nose or mouth should be drawn from another point of view.
Divide face and hair in several parts. Colour them with oilpastels. Outline face, hair and facial parts with black. Outlinethe facialparts,face andhairlinewith black.
After a school trip to an amusement park, these drawings were made. The goal was to draw what you liked most in the park and make sure you're part of the drawing.
Coloured with oil pastel and then painted with a brush and watercolour paint.
Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) was a Dutch post impressionistic painter. His work falls under the Post-Impressionism. When he starts painting, he paints ordinary people like poor farmers who do heavy work. The colours of his paintings are dark (The Potato Eaters).
He moved to Paris and is impressed by the work of French painters: light and colours are the important things in their work. Van Gogh exchanged the darker colours for brighter colours. The painter Pissaro learns him to paint like the impressionists. Van Gogh changes the dots into stripes.
After two years in Paris, Van Gogh moved to southern France, where he paints orchards and cornfields.
In the garden of the hospital in Arles, where he's treated for his depressions, he paints his most beautiful and famous artworks: Starry Night. In 1890 Van Gogh commits suicide.
Show images of Van Gogh's artworks on the digital board, including Starry Night. Discuss these works: bright colours, litte dashes next to each other in stead of mixed coloures.
The students use a colouring sheet of Starry Night to draw on their canvas. This has to be painted like Van Gogh did: short brushstrokes (lift your brush always if you have put a dash)! Do not mix the colours, but put two colours simultaneously on your brush to get the Van Gogh effect. The key is: do not paint like you always do, make little dashes!
Note: when using acrylics - rinse your brushe is okay, but be sure to dry that brush! The paint is the best when it is used undiluted.
Surrealists like Dali painted images in a hyper realistic style accompanied often with unexpected surprising or even shocking additions. Surrealists let their imagination run wild and painted dreams.
In this lesson students will make a surrealistic artwork with eyes. Paul Miró, the Spanish surrealistic artist, painted often eyes in his work.
Eyes are meant to look with, but how can we use eyes in our imagination? Maybe you can play soccer with them ... Or they are on the shelves of a refrigerator .... What tot think about a bouquet of eye flowers to give your mother...
Each student invents a surreal situation of which he or she is part of, and draws it. On a separate sheet several eyes have to be drawn, coloured in bright coloures with markers. The teacher takes a picture of the child as it sees itself in that situation and prints it. The drawing has to be coloured with aquarell pencils. Use water and a brush to smoothe the colours. Paste the photograph in the drawing and then paste the eyes.
Art Nouveau, also known as Jugendstil an international style of art, applied art and architecture that was most polular during 1890-1910. It is also known as Modernism in Catalonia - Spain, with its most notable contributions by the architect Antoni Gaudi.
Art Nouveau was applied to everyday objects like jewelery and furniture, but also on fences, balconies and facades. Art Nouveau used organic shapes, like plants and birds, eggs and women. The lines express emotion. In Paris you will discover Jugendstil in some accesses to the subway. Gaudi also designed his buildings in this style: elegant whimsical shapes, decorated with mosaic tiles and wrought iron.
Show Jugendstil / Art Nouveau pictures using the digital board. Discuss the features: elegant lines, rounded shapes, often asymmetrical, organic shapes, exuberant.
Outline a saucer on a white drawing sheet and cut it. Draw Art Nouveau shapes and lines using metallic gel pens in three colours. Paste this drawing on a second sheet of white drawing paper. Draw legs, tail and head of a flamingo bird and decorate these parts also with gel pen. Cut the bird with figure scissors leaving a white edge. Paste the art work on a long piece of coloured paper that matches the colour of the flamingo.
Show some surrealistic artworks of Dali and discuss the surreliastic parts of it. Show The melting clocks. Discuss the shape of the clockes. What happened to these clocks? Are these clocks that you can hang on the wall? Why not? Why do we call this surreal?
Using a step by step method, the students draw a face. I opted for the method of WikiHow. Interchange in this method step 1 and 2 by folding the sheet in four parts and then draw an egg shale according to the measures in the figure below. Then continue following the steps on WikiHow.
This is the face of Dali. Draw some melting clocks around it. Draw also some half ones on the edged of the sheet.
The clocks and face have to remain white. Colour the background with warm colors and the clothes of Dali with cold colours (or vice versa).
Outline the clocks and face with black oil pastel. Use a black marker for the numbers and hands of the clock and the parts of the face. Colour the iris of the eyes with a bright colour.
Pierce two holes under the nose and put a piece of pipe cleaner through them. Bend it into a nice mustache. Sign your artwork with your own name. Put the name Dali with a small mustache anywhere at work.
Show some surrealistic artworks of Dali. Show The elephants. Discuss the realistic (the body of the elephant) and the surrealistic parts (house on the back, high legs) of this work.
Students draw a Dali inspired elephant and trace it with a marker. I gave them some 'how to draw' templates. Take a wet brush and go over the lines, so the water turns into watercolour. Let dry.
Draw a horizon line and a sun. Colour the background with chalk pastels and blend with your fingers. Draw shadows of the elephant's legs. Maybe they don't have the right direction, but that's part of surrealism!
Cut a piece of felt for a blanket, decorate it and paste it on the elephant.
I don't know who was the first that posted this lesson ...Who do I link? Artsonia, Pinterest? However, it came across all art blogs lately!
It's snowing! Look up and try to catch snowflakes with you tongue! What does your face look like when you look up?
Draw a child in a cheerful winter sweater. Colour with oil pastels. Outline with black. Paste a piece of fiberfill on the tongue, and do not forget to draw the snowflakes.
Cut two hearts out of felt. Use the blanket stitch to sew them together until you are almost round. Fill the heart with fiberfill and sew the last part. Sew a ribbon at the top of the heart. Decorate the heart by sewing or pasting beads, buttons and/or wobbly eyes.
Inchies are small pieces of art that make one artwork together. On this page more information and a description of how to make them.
All students of grade 4 said goodbye to Miss Maureen with their own personal all inchies. Ask the students to bring little things from home that belong to them. This can be anything: a hair elastic, a logo of the soccer club, a Lego doll, a balloon, a coin, a piece of a map, an eraser etc.
Cut nine squares of 4 by 4 cm out of different types of paper in various colours and paste them on a piece of cardboard. Paste the brought objects on these squares. Be sure to make a beautiful composition.
Students draw a birdhouse with a special entrance on brown wrapping paper. This entrance can be a heart, a star of even a bird. Cut this entrance and outline the hole with a black marker.
Paint the house with cheerful colours.
Paste it on a piece of wallpaper and cut it out with 2 cm around. Paste a strip of black paper on the cardboard, this is the standard for birdhouse. Paste the birdhouse on the standard. Outline the house with black marker.
All birdhouses together will make a colourfull suburb for birds!
Draw on the blue sheet the outlines of an igloo. Tear white squares or rectangles and paste them on within the contour lines of the igloo.
Cut the eskimo and paste it next to the igloo. Dress him with pieces of felt. Paste a collar made of cotton wool.
Make the background icy cold with white chalk.
Paste two sheets of blue cardboard together. Pate snow hills from crepe apper, tinfoil and fiberfill. Every student cuts one or more penguins from black construction paper, dressed in coloured pulls cut from foam.
Paste all the penguins on the snow hills and decorate with glitter.