vrijdag 16 september 2011

Same animal, different colours

Made by a student of grade 1
You need:
  1. two white drawing sheets A4 size
  2. oil pastels
  3. liquid water colour
  4. brush
  5. jar with water
A lesson about cool and warm colours.
Draw an animal on a white drawing sheet. Be sure it's not too small. Ask the teacher to make a copy of this drawing. Colour the first animal with oil pastels in warm colours, the second one in cool colours. Paint the background with liquid water colour, using warm and cool colours as well.
Paste both drawings below or next to each other on a large white sheet. 

donderdag 15 september 2011

Peaks and valleys

Made by a student of grade 2

You need:
  1. drawing sheet A4 size
  2. crayons in bright colours
  3. watercolour paint
  4. brushes
  5. jar with water
Discuss with the students the difference between hills and mountains. When do we call something a mountain, when a hill? What does the top of hills look like? And what about the top of a mountain - this can be a sharp point or eroded and round, depending on the age of the mountain. 

Show students step by step how to draw a landscape with hills and mountains. Start with two wave lines Start with two wavy lines on the bottom of the drawing sheet. Draw diagonal lines down from the lowest points. Draw some high mountain peeks behind the hilss and draw a sun behind the peeks.

Fill the mountains and hills with patterns. Use crayons in bright colours. Each mountain should have its own pattern. Paint the mountains and the sky with watercolour paint. Patterns and lines will resist the watery paint.

zaterdag 10 september 2011

Outstanding name

By Vincent, grade 3
You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A5 size
  2. waterproof black marker
  3. colour markers
  4. black fine marker
Every year we make a birthday calendar in the classroom. For the calendar of this year, we used this lesson. The drawings were pasted on a coloured sheet with the date of the anniversary of the student.

Write your name in elegant letters with a black waterproof marker on a white sheet. Outline the letters with markers in different colors. Divide the background into pieces, by drawing lines from top to bottom and from left to right. Fill out the individual surfaces with patterns drawn with a black fine marker. Make sure that your name really stands out!

maandag 5 september 2011

Swimmer - like David Hockney

I found this terrific lesson on the blog 'Use your coloured pencils' of Anne Farrell. I used this lesson to tell about artist David Hockney and his swimming pool paintings.

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. coloured paper for background 
  3. oil pastels
  4. liquid water colour, blue and green
  5. brush
  6. jar with water
The successful British artist David Hockney was born in 1937 in Bradford, England. He studied at the Royal Academy in London. His first works were anecdotal and ironic. In 1964 Hockney moved to California, where he developed a more realistic way of painting. The main themes at this time, are pools, landscapes and portraits.
From 1966 David Hockney increasingly used photographs for his paintings. He made ​​collages containing just photographs. After 1980, Hockney's work became a more expressionistic character. His work shows influences of Picasso Besides paintings, Hockney also makes drawings and etchings. 

Look at artwork of David Hockney, especially those with swimming pools. Discuss with the students how people look like under water - flowing hair, lighter skinWhat causes the shimmering
surfaces on the water and what do they look like?
The students draw one or more people in swimsuits and colour them with oil pastels. Use white oil pastel to draw a water pattern in the background, consisting of wavy horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines.
Paint the picture with blue and/or green diluted coloured ink. The swimmers and the white lines will not resist the ink.
Artworks made by students of grade 4

donderdag 25 augustus 2011

Sunflower batik

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. oil pastels
  3. pencil
  4. tempera paint brown or black
  5. liquid soap
  6. brushes
Draw some sunflowers on the sheet and on the edges. Colour them with oilpastels, press heavily. Wrinkle the sheet into a ball; make sure the picture is on the inside.

Smooth the paper out. Use black or brown tempera with a tiny bit of liquid handsoap, and paint over the entire paper.

Then rinse the paper under cool water. The paint sticks in the little crinkle wrinkles giving it that batik look.

Leave the work to dry and press it flat between two books.

Made by students of grade 4

zondag 21 augustus 2011

Sunflowers in five different materials

You need:
  1. sunflowers or pictures of them
  2. white drawing sheet A1 size, cut in strips of 30 by 65 cm
  3. five different colouring materials, like colour pencils, tempera paint, watercolour paint, oil pastels, crayons, coloured ink, aquarell pencils etc.
  4. brushes
  5. pencil, ruler
  6. coloured paper
  7. scissors
Look with the students at some sunflowers or pictures of them. How thick is the stem, what can you tell about the leaves, how are the petals divided, what colours do you see in the heart of the flower, etc.

Divide the sheet with thin lines into five strips of 13 cm high. Draw some sunflowers. Make sure the flowers themselves are drawn at the demarcation of the strips. Make sure too that in each compartment at least half a sunflower or leave is drawn.
Choose five different colour materials. Use in every compartment a different material. Consider yourself the order of the materials, for example from bright (markers) to less bright (aquarelle pencils).
Paste the work on a coloured background. Or cut the five compartments and paste them with some space between on a coloured background.
Made by students of grade 5

zondag 14 augustus 2011

African adire

Made by a student of grade 4
You need:
  1. white drawing paper A4 size
  2. crayons
  3. liquid watercolour
  4. brush
  5. ruler
  6. pencil
Yoruba women in Nigeria make a type of resist-dyed cloth that they call adire. They make some adire by folding, tying, and/or stitching cloth with raffia before dyeing. This is called adire oniko, after the word for raffia, iko. They also make another type, adire eleko, by painting or stenciling designs on the cloth with starch. Both types are dyed in indigo, a natural blue dye.
The dye-resistant starch can be either painted freehand or stenciled onto the fabric. When freehand painting, the artist usually paints a grid of squares or rectangles onto the fabric first. Then she fills these squares with geometric and representational motifs.
Stenciled patterns are even more diverse. New motifs, both geometric and representational, are constantly being created. They can include everything from simple shapes to elephants, keys, letters, and skyscrapers. The metal stencils are made by men, who sell them to the female adire artists.

Show some pictures of african adire and discuss them. Show African symbols and talk about their meanings.

Students use pencil and ruler to divide their sheets in squares of 5 by 5 cm. Draw with a yellow or white crayon symbols and/or patterns in these squares. Paint the sheet using coloured ink.

donderdag 11 augustus 2011

Coffeepots like Klaas Gubbels

Made by a student of grade 5

Klaas Gubbels (Netherlands, 1934) is a Dutch artist. He is best known for his still lifes of tables, chairs and coffee pots. He also makes sculptures, mostly with the same subjects.

Gubbels attended various art schools and teached art at the Art Academy in Rotterdam.
Gubbel's work became more abstract over the years. A characteristic of Klaas Gubbels is that he avoids all that is 'beautiful'. Beauty is unreal to him and keeps us away from the truth. The subject isn't interesting, but the humour, agression or dullness of this subject, that's what it's all about. The utensils, if they are freed from their jobs, end up with a mood or emotion.
Gubbels uses various techniques in his works: painting, drawing, graphic techniques, but also photographs, collages, assemblages and sculptures in glass and metal.
You need:
  1. canvas A4 size
  2. acrylic paint
  3. brushes
  4. jar with water
  5. pencil
Show artwork from Klaas Gubbels. Discuss the subjects of his paintings. What stands out? Much or little detail? Depth? Perspective? Use of colour?

Students work on canvas with acrylic paint. Tell them about the properties of this paint: it dries quickly and is paintable.

Students have to make a painting with one of the topics that Gubbels frequently paints: chair, table or coffee pot. Unlike the real Gubbels works, the children in this task, however, have to paint a background. White is out of the question!

Made by a student of grade 5

woensdag 13 juli 2011

Colour theory part two

Following Colour theory part one a lesson about the effect that colours have on each other.
The aim of this lesson is that students discover the effect of primary and secondary colours on one another.

You need:
  1. two sheets of white or black paper, A3 size
  2. coloured sheets in red, yellow, blue, orange, green and purple
  3. glue
Pre-cut squares of coloured paper. Per student you need: 5 squares of 5 by 5 cm in all six colours and five squares of 3 by 3 cm in all six colours.

Repeat the terms primary and secondary colours and name the colours. Tell students they will see today how the colours interact. What would be yellow on blue? What about red on purple? What colours would stand out well, what not? Try to discover how we can systematically investigate. Eventually you come to the following concept:

A. primary on primary.
B. primary on secundary.
C. secundary on primary.
D. secundary on secundary.
primary on primary

A. Primary on primary.
To make all combinations of primary on primary to make you need 2 large and 2 small squares of all primary colours. Ask students to find out how, or give them the solution:
- blue on yellow and red on yellow
- yellow on blue and red on blue
- yellow on red and blue on red
Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Write under it: primary on primary.

secundary on primary

B. Secundary on primary.
To make all combinations of  secundary on primary, you need 3 large squares of each primary colour and three small squares of each secundary colour. Ask students to find out how, or give them the solution:
- orange on yellow, purple on yellow, green on yellow
- green on blue, orange on blauw, purple on blue
- purple on red, green on red, orange on red
Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Be sure the big squares in the same colour are next to each other. Write under it: secundary on primary.

primary on secundary

C. Primary on secundary.
To make all combinations of primary on secundary, you need 3 big squares of each secundary colour and 3 small ones of each primary colour. Ask students to find out how combinations have to be made, or give them the solution:
- yellow on orange, blue on orange, red on orange
- yellow on purple, blue on purple, red on purple
- yellow on green, blue on green, red on green
Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Be sure the big squares in the same colour are next to each other. Write under it: primary on secundary.

secundary on secundary

D. Secundary on secundary.
To make all combinations of secundary on secundary, you need 2 big and 2 small squares of each secundary colour. Ask students to find out how combinations have to be made, or give them the solution: 
- purple on green, orange on green
- orange on purple, green on purple
- purple on orange, green on orange
Paste all combinations on a sheet of white paper. Write under it: secundary on secundary.

Ask students after making this work to discuss see which colors are most contrasting, which you hardly see, etc.

dinsdag 12 juli 2011

Colour theory part one

By students of grade 2
You need:
  1. black cardboard 15 by 15 cm
  2. coloured paper in yellow, orange, red, purple, blue, green
  3. scissors
  4. glue
  5. pencil
Fo the first part of a lesson on colour theory, we repeated primary and secundary colours and showed how to make secundary colours out of primary colours. Students knew those colours, but didn't know the names. Tell them about the complementary colours, the colours that lie opposite each other in the circle, called complementary. Red is opposite green, yellow against purple, blue opposite orange.
The primary colors red, yellow and blue are in a triangle. The same goes for the secondary colours orange, green and purple.

Tell students to cut 6 shapes from the coloured sheets and paste them on black paper as discussed.
Use a pencil to draw triangles in dotted lines between the primary and secondary colours.

vrijdag 8 juli 2011

Portrait of your schoolmate

Made by students of grade 5
You need:
  1. drawing paper A4 size
  2. colour pencils
  3. watercolour paint
  4. brushes
  5. coloured ribbed cardboard
  6. stapler
After an instruction about proportions of a head, students draw their classmate who is sitting in front of him. The portraits are coloured with colour pencils, the background is painted with watercolour paint. The frames are made from coloured ribbed cardboard strips.

maandag 4 juli 2011

Pasta and beans landscape

You need:
  1. cardboard A4 size
  2. glue
  3. several sorts of pasta and beans
  4. pencil
Students have to draw a simple landscape on their piece of cardboard. Fill the several parts with glue and put beans and pasta on them.
Artwork made by students of grade 3

maandag 27 juni 2011

Plaster mask

Made by a student of grade 6
You need:
  1. bandage plaster
  2. vaseline
  3. towel
  4. jar with water
  5. scissors
  6. canvas
  7. cloth tape
  8. tempera paint
  9. brush
  10. stuff to decorate, like feathers, stones, shells, ribbons
  11. glue
Work in groups of two students.
Show a You tube movie about making masks or read Wiki how manual. In brief students have to:
1. Put a towel around the shoulders and pull the hair off the face.

2. Coat the face well with vaseline, especially hair line, eyebrows and eyelashes.
3. Cut the bandage plaster in strips. Make the strips one by one wet and cover the face. Be sure the strips overlap a little. Leave the nose open.
4. Provide three layers plaster for a solid mask.

5. Remove the mask after 15 minutes.

6. Close the hole of the nose with a last plaster strip.
Outline the mask with a pencil on a canvas. Cut a hole in the canvas about 1 centimeter smaller than the mask. Push the mask through the hole from the back of the canvas and stick it to the front and back with cloth tape.
Paint the canvas and face with tempera. Decorate the artwork with feathers, ribbons, shells or strass stones.
Students of grade 6 with their masks

vrijdag 24 juni 2011

Flowers behind fence

Flowers behind fence with fingerprinted flowers, grade 1
You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. masking tape
  3. scissors
  4. tempera paint
  5. stencil brushes
  6. bubble wrap
  7. sponge strips
Create a fence with pieces of masking tape, about 2 cm from the bottom.
Cut a piece of bubble wrap that is as large as the sheet of drawing paper. Paint it with a thick brush, half blue and half green. Put the drawing sheet on top and rub with the hand, creating a bubble print. Use sponge strips (cut from an ordinary sponge) to stamp steals and leaves.
Use stencil brushes to stamp petals of use your fingers to print them. Stamp/print some flowers under the fence an between the poles of the fence. Leave the work to dry and gently pull off the masking tape.
Flowers behind fence with stamped flowers, grade 2

zaterdag 18 juni 2011

Group work like Keith Haring

Group work, made by students of grade 3

You need:
  1. drawing sheet A1 size 
  2. pieces of cardboard 10 by 15 cm
  3. pencil
  4. scissors
  5. glue
  6. colour markers
  7. permanent black marker 
We worked in groups of five students.
Each student draws a figure on a piece of cardboard in the style of Keith Haring: no details, movement, a figure like in a comic. Cut the figures and trace them several times on the big sheet. Working together is required!

- Do not draw twice the same figure next to each other.
- Vary the position: upright, horizontally, diagonally. Turn the cardboard to get a mirror figure.
- Do not start in the middle, but work from the side and place the figures as close to each other.
- Outline all figures with a permanent black marker.
- Divide the intervening areas into smaller areas by straight lines drawn with black marker.
- Choose one colour per person and colour the areas with these five colours.  
- Put your signature on the work like Keith Haring did!

maandag 13 juni 2011

Connected shells

Warm colours, made by Emmy, grade 6

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet 20 by 20 cm
  2. colour markers
  3. fine black marker
  4. pencil
Draw a few lines on the sheet to divide the paper into sections. Draw several shells on those lines. Be sure the shells touch eachother. Trace the shells with a fine permanent black marker. Colour the sections between the shells with colour markers in warm or cool colours.
    Cool colours, made by Bjorn grade 5

zondag 29 mei 2011

Sailboat regatta

You need:
  1. two sheets of white drawing paper
  2. sandpaper
  3. tempera paint in blue, green and white
  4. brush
  5. coloured paper
  6. brown paper (grocery bag)
  7. glue
  8. blue paper A1 size
Spray paint stripes in blue, green and white on a saucer. Lay a sheet of white drawing paper before you, with the small size up. Paint it with coloured waves. Don't mix the colours on the saucer, but dip the brush in two or three colours. Leave the sheet to dry.
Take the second white sheet and lay it before you with the small side up. Cut a piece of sandpaper as wide as the sheet and 8 cm high. Paste the sandpaper on the bottom of the sheet.
Tear the painted sheet in wavy strips. Tear the straight sides of the first and last strip too, so that all strips have two wavy sides. 
Place the strips overlapping on the white sheet. Start below. Place the second strip partly under the first one, the third under the second etc. Paste down the short sides of the waves on the left and right.
Cut boats out of a brown paper bag; bigger ones below, smaller ones at the top (perspective). Cut masts out of the paper bag and sails out of coloured paper. Paste the boats between the waves and paste the long sides of the waves at the same time. Paste sails and masts on the boats.  
Paste or staple all works together on large blue sheets (A1 size) to create a beautiful group work.

Artworks made by students of grade 4

maandag 23 mei 2011

Filled with fruit

Made by a student of grade 3

You need:
  1. white drawing sheet A4 size
  2. oil pastels
Choose four fruits and draw many of them on the drawing sheet. The fruit should overlap. Colour them with oil pastels and outline with black.

dinsdag 17 mei 2011

Wavy weaving

Made by students of grade 3

You need:
  1. paper strips in two colours, 4 x about 50 cm
  2. black cardbaord
  3. scissors
  4. glue
  5. printed grid of 5 by 5 squares, each square is 4 by 4 cm

1. Give all students the printed grid. Cut it along the outside and paste it on black cardboard.

2. Cut 10 stripes in two colours, 4 x 50 cm. Fold the ends of the strips about one cm.

3. Paste the fold edges exactly along the lines of the squares. Use two different colours alternately. Paste the arcs from bottom to top and from left to right, alternately. Cut a piece of the strip if it's too long. You may paste small squares to the ends of the rows as a finishing touch.
5. Press the strips gently and your weaving will look great!